Editing and formatting: Harvard Citation Style

This is yet another post in the series of sharing editing and formatting basics with our reader over major citation styles.

In this post, we will cover a few basic points for the Harvard citation style. Before we begin, it is imperative to keep in view the this style is also another version of the author-date style which is used in the APA, CMS, and here. The only difference is MLA that does not use the author-date format in the in-text citation.

Second, not much standardized information is available online (websites or books) that particularly lays down specific rules in regard to the formatting detail for this style.

As such, the standard conventions for the other styles are also to be used here e.g. pagination, page margins, page number, title, and headings. Most every time, as is usual, it is the instructor’s personal manual/directions that would guide you regarding how to format your paper, dissertation, etc.

For the author-date in-text citation, the format is the same (Smith, 2018, p. 180) or Smith (2018, pp. 180-181) notes… quotes are usually double, but some professors also require using just single quote.

The major difference, however, lies in the formatting of the sources that are given in the Works Cited, or Bibliography, or Reference section that follow immediately after the paper ends.

Below, we have generated some references in both the APA and Harvard for you to compare. The book title being used here is: Wallwork, Adrian. English for writing research papers. Springer, 2016.


  • In-text: (Wallwork, 2016)
  • Bibliography: Wallwork, A. (2013). English for academic research. New York: Springer.


  • In-text (Wallwork, 2016)
  • References: Wallwork, A. (2013). English for academic research. New York: Springer.

Hey, dude, what did you notice? Literally, there are NO differences between the APA References and Harvard Bibliography. The same is almost true for the journal article entry both in-text and for the References section. However, minor differences are certainly found citing other sources such as a website, a webpage, an online report, and so forth. Yet, these differences are not too distinct and are usually done as per the instruction of the institution and/or the professor.

With this much said about the Harvard citation style, it is hoped that you now a very good idea that there is not much to worry about these citation styles. However, once again, since we’re a professional organization, we can help you save a lot of time in checking and verifying current information that you’d be looking for online while formatting your paper.

It would be great to serve you should you need assistance from us. Please do not forget to drop us an email at myparaphrasing/at/gmail[dot]com or come to us directly from our website: wwww.myparaphrasing.com.

Thank you.